Succulents are plants that prefer the bright sun, they grow in places with a lack of water and therefore store it in their juicy leaves or stems. They have special requirements to grow. If you understand how to grow them, new horizons will open up for you. Because they are not just cactuses, they are much more.
This is the first condition required for an awesome look of your succulent. Succulents enjoy the sunshine and will not be able to develop normally without it. It is best to place them at a place where they can receive a bright source of morning sunlight.
Even though succulents do love bright sunlight some succulents could get damaged when in direct sunlight. Sunlight brings wonderful colours to your succulent when it gets used to it.
2. Why do they die?
You should not plant succulents in the normal garden soil that you use for your normal plants. This is because the normal garden soil is very heavy and will retain a lot of moisture even after days after you watered your plants.
The main enemies of succulents are moisture and darkness. On shady windows or anywhere away from frequent sunlight, succulents tend to elongate themselves. To be more precise, they will go in search of a source of bright light. And too much moisture in the soil will also lead to the rotting roots of your lovely succulents.
Succulents die when they are planted in the purchased land for cacti (unfortunately, the ground for cacti in the store are based on peat, which succulents do not like).
3. Why do you have to make the soil yourself?
Peat is an organic mass that is subject to biodegradation by fungi, bacteria, and blue-green algae present in the soil. It is not suitable for succulents at all.
Succulents grow in the desert, and the best soil for them is dry dust, clay, rocks, and sand. These are substrates with low organic content and good drainage capability. They do not contain peat or other rich sources of organics.
In any condition, it is not good for succulents to be planted in the purchased soil of a peat base, even if it is called “Special soil for desert cacti”. It is good to do so if you do not want to kill any of your succulents.
Good soil conditions.
Succulents in their natural habitats do not face the presence of soil microflora in the substrate and therefore have absolutely no immunity to it which is why their roots in your home die from ordinary, harmless to other plants soil microorganisms.
To grow succulents, you need soil that dries up very quickly.
Peat and soils based on it take a long time to dry up because of the high water retention capacity of peat. If the soil is dry, it is very difficult to soak it back: water simply flows down the walls of the pot, not going to the roots. Such soil should be watered regularly, without drying out. And for succulents, regular drying of the earth is the main measure to prevent rotting.
It is best to plant succulents in a suitable ordinary forest or garden soil, mixed with a large quantity of sand.
Coarse sand is sold in the department of goods for pet stores/aquariums. You do not need to pierce or steam the land and sand. There is also no need to spill manganese soil because manganese is a strong oxidizer that worsens the chemical properties of the soil.
4. Small pots VS Big pots
Huge pots are not suitable for tiny succulents, because the soil in them takes a long time to dry up between watering, which is harmful to succulents, especially in winter. Small plastic or clay pots, small cups for seedlings, and even just plastic cups for 50 and 100 ml (for small specimens) are suitable. But with these small-sized pots, the soil dries very quickly in the open air which is why watering them at regular intervals in these small pots are very necessary.
But it is also better to place huge succulents in big pots as their root systems are very huge. Or huge pots can also be used when several different species of succulents or the same species of succulents are placed together in the same pot.
5. No need to water??
Compared to other indoor plants, succulents hardly need watering. They have long adapted to the lack of moisture, know how to store it in their own leaves or stems, sparingly consuming it.
In summer, you should water as the top layer of soil in the pot dries. The ground should really dry.
In winter, watering should be very rare, only as the leaves or stems of plants become sluggish and soft. This is 1-2 times a month and even less often. Many do not water the succulents at all in December and January (but then you need to keep them cool).
6. Winter- Sleeping time!!
Keeping succulents in the city apartment in winter is storage, not growing, you should be able to keep the plant until spring as it was in autumn. In winter they should not grow, they should rest and sleep. Even if they do not try to grow with you in winter, there will be nothing good about it.
That is why the watering is good to be almost gone. It is also very desirable to lower the temperature. The rate of metabolism will slow down 2-4 times for every 10 degrees of temperature change. For plants, there is also zero active temperature, which is a little above zero Celsius, at this point, the metabolism in the plant stops almost completely. This is storage.
In the winter seasons, it is necessary to bring the succulents to a lower temperature, so that they are given a chance to slow down heir growth and start storing and accumulating energy for their summer bloom.
This Season for rest is very important for succulents as, without a period of rest, these succulents may not bloom for quite a few years!!
7. Succulents under lamps?
You can, but you should put it very close to the source of light because the intensity of radiation of household lamps (fluorescent, halogen, and other, including special photo-lamps for plants) is not enough for the normal growth of succulents.